Description

Purpose & Fit

Tolerant of continuous stocking, Brutus tall fescue can be grown for pasture, hay, and silage.  Benefits to operations include long grazing seasons, persistence, low-input requirements, yields, seed production, and adaptation in forage environments. Brutus tall fescues will also reduce soil erosion and recycle nutrients from both manure and biosolids.  Transition zone operations see immense benefits with a high-quality forage available to spring-born calves.  With the inclusion of legumes, supplements, and irrigation during summer months, calves can remain on pastures until fall weaning.  Stockpiling summer and autumn vegetative growth can be accomplished in some areas depending on conditions.

Growth Pattern

Brutus tall fescue is a bunchgrass with leaves that typically have ribs on the upper surface and a smooth and shiny underside.

Interseeding

Not Recommended

Did You Know?

Seeds/Lb: 227,000 – 230,000

Brutus

Tall Fescue

Festuca arundinacea

Brutus

Tall Fescue

Festuca arundinacea

Description

Purpose & Fit

Tolerant of continuous stocking, Brutus tall fescue can be grown for pasture, hay, and silage.  Benefits to operations include long grazing seasons, persistence, low-input requirements, yields, seed production, and adaptation in forage environments. Brutus tall fescues will also reduce soil erosion and recycle nutrients from both manure and biosolids.  Transition zone operations see immense benefits with a high-quality forage available to spring-born calves.  With the inclusion of legumes, supplements, and irrigation during summer months, calves can remain on pastures until fall weaning.  Stockpiling summer and autumn vegetative growth can be accomplished in some areas depending on conditions.

Growth Pattern

Brutus tall fescue is a bunchgrass with leaves that typically have ribs on the upper surface and a smooth and shiny underside.

Interseeding

Information Coming Soon…

Did You Know?

Seeds/Lb: 227,000 – 230,000

Adaptation

Climate & Soil

Preferential to colder, humid climates, Brutus tall fescue is particularly suited to areas located in the transition zone.  Tolerant of low soil fertility, Brutus tall fescue continues to produce growth even when temperatures reach down to 40°F.  Brutus tall fescue can survive on fragipans, but soil moisture availability will determine its tolerance for warmer climates.  Flooding is not commonly an issue for Brutus tall fescue.  Precipitation or irrigation of at least 15″ – 18″ per year is needed.

Soil pH:  5.5 – 7.0

Optimum Growth Range:  40°F – 86°F

Adaptation

Climate & Soil

Preferential to colder, humid climates, Brutus tall fescue is particularly suited to areas located in the transition zone.  Tolerant of low soil fertility, Brutus tall fescue continues to produce growth even when temperatures reach down to 40°F.  Brutus tall fescue can survive on fragipans, but soil moisture availability will determine its tolerance for warmer climates.  Flooding is not commonly an issue for Brutus tall fescue.  Precipitation or irrigation of at least 15″ – 18″ per year is needed.

Soil pH:  5.5 – 7.0

Optimum Growth Range:  40°F – 86°F

Establishment

Planting

Plant by aerial seeding, hydroseeding, and broadcasting.  If broadcast seeding, increase seeding rates by 50% or more depending on the seedbed condition. Prevention of weed invasion is essential during the early stages of establishment. Weed control with Gramoxone Extra or Roundup may be required before planting if no-tilling.  Plant seed to allow at least 60 days growth before temperatures drop below 50°F. Spring seedings should occur early enough to avoid weeds and early droughts.

Seeding Depth: ¼” – ½”

Germination

Easy to establish with rapid germination and excellent seedling vigor, Brutus tall fescue germinates and establishes slower than other cool-season grasses.  Shading is a concern until plants reach maturity.

Min Time To Emergence: 14 days (or after the first rain)

Ideal Temp:  40°F+ (for several days)

Seeding Rate

Monoculture: 20 – 25 Lb/A

Establishment

Planting

Plant by aerial seeding, hydroseeding, and broadcasting.  If broadcast seeding, increase seeding rates by 50% or more depending on the seedbed condition. Prevention of weed invasion is essential during the early stages of establishment. Weed control with Gramoxone Extra or Roundup may be required before planting if no-tilling.  Plant seed to allow at least 60 days growth before temperatures drop below 50°F. Spring seedings should occur early enough to avoid weeds and early droughts.

Seeding Depth: ¼” – ½”

Germination

Easy to establish with rapid germination and excellent seedling vigor, Brutus tall fescue germinates and establishes slower than other cool-season grasses.  Shading is a concern until plants reach maturity.

Min Time To Emergence: 14 days (or after the first rain)

Ideal Temp:  40°F+ (for several days)

Seeding Rate

Monoculture: 20 – 25 Lb/A

Management

Grazing

Determine plants are of the right height by pulling on plants to make sure they won’t be uprooted by grazing activity before stocking the pasture. Achieve more outstanding forage production and higher animal gains by utilizing more management-intensive grazing techniques.

Earliest Time To Graze: 4″ – 10″

Fertilizer Requirements

Although Brutus tall fescue is tolerant of low fertility, it does respond well to fertilizer. Responsive to Nitrogen, each pound of N added will result in dry matter yield increases by 20 – 30 Lb/A at harvest.  Apply lime six months before seeding if necessary. Do not apply N to endophyte-infected stands as it will enhance fescue toxicosis.  Caution is needed when using N or grazing a new planting during wet weather as it could result in the accumulation of Nitrates.  Fertilization with N during the summer is not necessary. A late summer application of N will encourage late summer and fall growth, but only a light application.

At Planting: 50 Lb/A N

During Grazing Season: 50 Lb/A N

Hay or Silage?

Timing: Early Boot Stage

Cuttings During Season:

Hay: 3 – 4

Silage or Green Chop: 4 – 6

Recovery

Brutus Tall fescue is one of the most resilient cool-season grasses and is able to withstand high levels of traffic as well as intense grazing.

Minimum Graze Height: 3″

Rest Period: 15 – 30 days

Mixes

  • Red Clover
  • White Clover
  • Subterranean Clover (non-irrigated hill pastures)
  • White Clover

Yields

Tons Dry Matter/A: 5 – 7

Management

Grazing

Determine plants are of the right height by pulling on plants to make sure they won’t be uprooted by grazing activity before stocking the pasture. Achieve more outstanding forage production and higher animal gains by utilizing more management-intensive grazing techniques.

Earliest Time To Graze: 4″ – 10″

Fertilizer Requirements

Although Brutus tall fescue is tolerant of low fertility, it does respond well to fertilizer. Responsive to Nitrogen, each pound of N added will result in dry matter yield increases by 20 – 30 Lb/A at harvest.  Apply lime six months before seeding if necessary. Do not apply N to endophyte-infected stands as it will enhance fescue toxicosis.  Caution is needed when using N or grazing a new planting during wet weather as it could result in the accumulation of Nitrates.  Fertilization with N during the summer is not necessary. A late summer application of N will encourage late summer and fall growth, but only a light application.

At Planting: 50 Lb/A N

During Grazing Season: 50 Lb/A N

Hay or Silage?

Timing: Early Boot Stage

Cuttings During Season:

Hay: 3 – 4

Silage or Green Chop: 4 – 6

Recovery

Brutus Tall fescue is one of the most resilient cool-season grasses and is able to withstand high levels of traffic as well as intense grazing.

Minimum Graze Height: 3″

Rest Period: 15 – 30 days

Mixes

  • Red Clover
  • White Clover
  • Subterranean Clover (non-irrigated hill pastures)
  • White Clover

Yields

Tons Dry Matter/A: 5 – 7

Pests & Considerations

Permanent Pasture

Renovate pastures with a legume such as red clover every 2 – 3 years or when the clover population reaches less than 15% to avoid nitrogen deficiency.

Competitiveness

Brutus tall fescue may require some intervention when dealing with weeds.  Effectively manage weeds by utilizing Banvel, Crossbow, Ally, or Stinger unless legumes are present.

Risks

Palatability can be a problem with Brutus tall fescue, but clipping seedhead tillers post-grazing will help alleviate selective grazing. Excessive fertilization can interfere with the germination and inoculation of legumes. Brutus tall fescue will experience a ‘summer slump’ in performance when temperatures reach higher levels, and new stands may be damaged if grazed in wet weather. Nitrogen accumulation can occur and should be combatted with the addition of alternative feed options.

Diseases

  • Crown Rust
  • Stem Rust

Pests

  • Nematodes
  • Slugs

Pests & Considerations

Permanent Pasture

The expected stand life is 3 years or more when paired with an appropriate clover at greater than 15%.

Competitiveness

Brutus tall fescue may require some intervention when dealing with weeds.  Effectively manage weeds by utilizing Banvel, Crossbow, Ally, or Stinger unless legumes are present.

Risks

Palatability can be a problem with Brutus tall fescue, but clipping seedhead tillers post-grazing will help alleviate selective grazing. Excessive fertilization can interfere with the germination and inoculation of legumes.  Brutus tall fescue will experience a ‘summer slump’ in performance when temperatures reach higher levels, and new stands may be damaged if grazed in wet weather. Nitrogen accumulation can occur and should be combatted with the addition of alternative feed options.

Diseases

  • Crown Rust
  • Stem Rust

Pests

  • Nematodes
  • Slugs

Please Note:

All information provided is the result of research, our own experience, or the experiences shared by our customers.

We strongly encourage consulting additional resources before planting to ensure the best fit for your location and needs.

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