Description

Purpose & Fit

Cahaba vetch was bred as a winter forage in southern climates and is a nitrogen fixer with some nematicide properties. With less growth than other vetches, Cahaba vetch won’t take over the sward, allowing for more versatility in forage systems.

Growth Pattern

With a white bloom, cahaba vetch can grow to be between eighteen and twenty inches tall.

Interseeding

Plantings require management if interseeding to prevent shading.

Did You Know?

Seeds/Lb: 10,000 – 12,000

Cahaba Vetch

Vicia sativa

Description

Purpose & Fit

Cahaba vetch was bred as a winter forage in southern climates and is a nitrogen fixer with some nematicide properties. With less growth than other vetches, Cahaba vetch won’t take over the sward, allowing for more versatility in forage systems.

Growth Pattern

With a white bloom, cahaba vetch can grow to be between eighteen and twenty inches tall.

Interseeding

Plantings require management if interseeding to prevent shading.

Did You Know?

Seeds/Lb: 10,000 – 12,000

Adaptation

Climate & Soil

Soil pH:  5.4 – 7.2

Optimum Growth Range:  55°F – 75°F

Adaptation

Climate & Soil

Soil pH:  5.4 – 7.2

Optimum Growth Range:  55°F – 75°F

Establishment

Planting

Seeding Depth: ¼” – ¾”

Germination

Min Time To Emergence: 7 – 14 days

Ideal Temp:  45°F – 65°F

Seeding Rate

Monoculture: 15 – 30 lb/A

Establishment

Planting

Seeding Depth: ¼” – ¾”

Germination

Min Time To Emergence: 7 – 14 days

Ideal Temp:  45°F – 65°F

Seeding Rate

Monoculture: 15 – 30 lb/A

Management

Grazing

Earliest Time To Graze: 6″ – 8″

Fertilizer Requirements

At Planting: 20 lb/A N – 25 lb/A N

During Grazing Season: Not Applicable

Hay or Silage?

Timing: Just before the onset of pods (slightly after the recommended rye window for an area)

Cuttings During Season: 1 – 2

Recovery

Minimum Graze Height: 2″ – 5″

Rest Period: 14 days

Mixes

  • Rye (prone to tangling)
  • Wheat
  • Oats

Yields

Tons of Dry Matter/A: 1 ½ – 2

Management

Grazing

Earliest Time To Graze: 6″ – 8″

Fertilizer Requirements

At Planting: 20 lb/A N – 25 lb/A N

During Grazing Season: Not Applicable

Hay or Silage?

Timing: Just before the onset of pods (slightly after the recommended rye window for an area)

Cuttings During Season: 1 – 2

Recovery

Minimum Graze Height: 2″ – 5″

Rest Period: 14 days

Mixes

  • Rye (prone to tangling)
  • Wheat
  • Oats

Yields

Tons of Dry Matter/A: 1 ½ – 2

Pests & Considerations

Permanent Pasture

Cahaba vetch is an annual and will not be suitable for permanent pasture purposes.

Competitiveness

Although not competitive when first seeded, cahaba vetch will become competitive.

Risks

Cahaba vetch will winterkill.

Diseases

  • Black Stem
  • Root Rot
  • Gray Mold
  • Leaf Spot
  • Downy Mildew
  • Stem Rot

Pests

  • Tarnished Plant Bug
  • Pea Aphid
  • Cowpea aphid
  • Root-Knot Nematode
  • Ring Nematode
  • Root-Lesion Nematode
  • Stubby Root Nematode

Pests & Considerations

Permanent Pasture

Cahaba vetch is an annual and will not be suitable for permanent pasture purposes.

Competitiveness

Although not competitive when first seeded, cahaba vetch will become competitive.

Risks

Cahaba vetch will winterkill.

Diseases

  • Black Stem
  • Root Rot
  • Gray Mold
  • Leaf Spot
  • Downy Mildew
  • Stem Rot

Pests

  • Tarnished Plant Bug
  • Pea Aphid
  • Cowpea aphid
  • Root-Knot Nematode
  • Ring Nematode
  • Root-Lesion Nematode
  • Stubby Root Nematode

Please Note:

All information provided is the result of research, our own experience, or the experiences shared by our customers.

We strongly encourage consulting additional resources before planting to ensure the best fit for your location and needs.

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